Gadwal sari is a handcrafted woven sari style in Gadwal of Jogulamba Gadwal district in the Indian state of Telangana. It was registered as one of the geographical indication from Telangana by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. They are most notable for the Zari on the saris. The sari consists of cotton body with silk pallu which is also given a new name as Sico saris. The weave is so light that the saree can be packed in a matchbox. The Brahmostsavas of Tirupati begins with the Gods idol being adorned with Gadwal Saree.
History and Origins
The Gadwall Sarees were hand woven varieties of sari, which were the main source of livelihood for the weavers of Andhra Pradesh. Gadwal sarees were very famous, right from the beginning. Hence, some weavers from Gadwal were sent to Banaras by the king to learn the art of weaving this particular style. The outcome was a variety of hand woven Gadwal saris that became immensely popular. In the 1930s, the Gadwal saris were commercialized and the spinning looms and other small manual machines came into existence to help the weavers. Much later, textiles and handlooms took over the entire commercialization of Gadwal sari.
Themes and Design
Gadwal Saree is a mixture of cotton and silk, where the entire drape is completely cotton-weaved and while, the borders are of silk. The whole match up is done in such a way that one can wear these saris for any occasion. The styles in which the Gadwal saris are woven are interlocked weft borders wherein the designs are made available in contrasting colors. One can get the Gadwal sari in small, medium and large borders. The golden zari work along the lengths of the borders gives it an exquisite touch. With the growing requirement of Gadwal sarees, the weaving advanced to the looms or textiles and, the designs were all modernized.
The weaving technique used to design the Gadwal sarees is the interwoven weft technique which was traditionally known as Kupadam and the weaving style for the borders was known as kumbam. These sarees were woven in pure Silk as well and were made available in contrasting colors like lime green or a canary yellow. Most sarees in the present times are Cotton and Silk hybrid. The best part of a Gadwal saree is that it can be folded to match the size of a match box without ruining any part of the saree.
In the beginning, when the weavers began weaving this ancient craft, the designs and colors were adapted from the temples and nature respectively. The earlier Gadwal saris were only available in earth colors with rich designs. Gradually with the passage of time and commercialization of saris, there were brighter and better colors made available. With the culture of dyeing, a multitude of colors that cause contrast in these saris is now made available to the buyers. In fact, the designs have also grown beyond the shapes and architecture of the temple. Today, more modern designs are available in the market.
Gadwal is known for its wide range of designs and borders. The zari work in gold and silver along the borders is the cult that Gadwal sarees have pepped up the fashion ramp. Beyond the regular designs that are adapted from geometry and the temple architecture of Gadwal, initially, there were no designs in these saris. With the passage of time, Gadwal sarees have gained a certain level of modern techniques and colors in its vast array of exquisite sari collection.
Use of Gadwal Saree
It can be worn to a simple party and even at a grand wedding. The zari work in silver and golden along with the bright hues in which these saris are available give it a rich and elegant look, something that is not always apparent in a simple cotton sari. Cotton is a material that suits any occasion or environment. With cotton as the base, Gadwal sarees are suitable for both warm and cold climates. With the rich and exquisite look, the sari is good for any kind of occasion. The gold or silver zari border allows one to choose either golden or silver jewelry as accessories to match with. A light neckpiece, bangles and tika will go perfect with this saree.
The textiles of Gadwal have commercialized their sarees globally. The export of these saris is on a large scale, especially to countries like U.S, U.K, and some parts of Europe. The production has increased tremendously with the help of new machinery and techniques prevalent in various textile industries. It is noticeable that the traditional touch to these sarees is still intact, while the designs have gone up to the level of contemporary.
Since the beginning, Gadwal saree has been popular for it’s unique design and with the passing of time the popularity has turned into a global phenomena. Now it can be ordered at home on hateemtai.com. hateemtai.com is a well known and trusted website for various types of products which includes Gadwal saree of the best quality. It has a wide range of collection that customers can choose from. They can easily order it at home and be sure to have the exact product in the shortest amount of time.